After reaching the age of 40 or 45, the proportion of men suffering from erectile dysfunction increases. All cases are divided into 2 kinds: those who have the psychogenic form of ED and those having the vascular ED.
Vascular ED – What is it?
Vascular ED is a non-psychological organic form of sexual debility, which occurs as a result of blood supply disturbance of the male genital organs.
This form of the disorder is closely connected with the erection mechanism. During sexual excitement, the brain signals promote the bloodstream into the penis. The pressure in the male organ multiplies many times and a man witnesses a hard and steady erection. At the same time, a mechanism that slows down the outflow activates until ejaculation happens.
Due to various reasons, there may be different types of disorders:
- Insufficient penile blood flow, even following sexual excitement;
- A weak mechanism that slows down the blood outflow. This means that the blood heads to the organ too quickly, just before ejaculation.
In both situations, a man has the type of erection that is not enough for sexual intercourse.
Vascular ED: Health Risks
Vascular erectile dysfunction, on its own, is not a life-threatening disease. But, the very pathological process can be the sign of other more severe conditions. For example, some of these disorders can be heart illnesses and diabetes among many others.
Sexual frustration affects the psychological state of a patient, significantly. So, this could lead to a real neurosis and even depression. When a man gives up on his sexual drive, he will be facing anxiety, irritability, and even sleep disturbances.
Predisposing Factors of Vascular ED
Experts say that there are many factors that could be disturbing the proper flow of blood to the male genital organs.
But, in most cases, insufficient penile blood flow is provoked by:
- A luminal occlusion that can be cased by atherosclerotic patches.
- Hypertensive disease.
- Heart disease. For instance, blood stream in pelvic organs weakens in men with ischemia; and, after the cardiac accident.
- Traumas of male genitals.
If blood circulation isn’t disturbed; but, there is a weak mechanism that slows down the outflow towards the male genitals, predisposing factors may be the following:
- Genetical physiological vascular distention.
- Debilitation of vascular constrictors, which are in charge of slowing down the outflow until ejaculation. – Diabetes, Peyronie disease, physical trauma of genitals may provoke the disorder.
- Hyperlipidemia, that is an elevated lipid level in blood.
- Age-related changes of vessels.
Except all these factors, specialists name some risk factors, which may provoke the progress of vascular ED. These include:
- Sedentary way of living;
- Excessive drinking;
- Overweight and obesity;
- Unbalanced diet.
Health Practices of Vascular ED
Even the most highly experienced doctor can’t start the treatment of erectile dysfunction if he doesn’t know its underlying causes. Furthermore, self-treatment can do nothing but harm.
That’s why it’s highly recommended to start your treatment activities by visiting a specialist; and, undergoing some medical tests:
- General blood test;
- Electrocardiography (EKG);
- Tests to indicate the blood level of lipid, sugar, and cholesterol;
- Ultrasonography (US) of vessels of genital-urinary system;
- Doppler sonography before and after stimulation with vasoconstrictor agents.
All these tests will identify the causes of the disease and allow the doctor to appoint the patient with treatments. The most definitive therapies are:
- Pharmaceutical treatment. A wide range of different medications is in the market to allow the proper blood circulation into the pelvic organs.
- Surgical intervention. One resorts to this solution when the pharmaceutical treatment proves to be useless. Surgery can be of 2 types: transplantation of sound vessels into the pelvic area and limited resection of runoff vessels.
- Physiotherapy. It refers to additional methods.
Statistically, about 90% of all vascular ED cases are successful when undergoing the proper treatment, as long as the condition is detected on time and is addressed.